Are your eyes feeling itchy? Do you worry that they are reddish and swelling than they normally should? The number one worry is about getting an eye infection. Unfortunately, an infection of the eyes is a common phenomenon in eyecare practices. However, there is a way to manage it and prevent it from escalating into a disease.
What Is an Eye Infection?
An infection of the eyes is a condition where your eyes are contaminated from external stimuli. The infection throws off the balance of the fluids in the eye, causing other symptoms that are distressing and uncomfortable. Technically, the eye can take care of itself by cleaning out the infection using fluids like tears. However, it is not every time you can survive such an ordeal scot-free. Sometimes, you require infection and disease treatment in Mississauga to get through it.
An infection of the eye is not specific to one part. Different parts of the eye can be infected, more so, the cornea, eyelid, and conjunctiva. When any part of the eye gets an infection, it spread it to the moist areas of your eyes and this progresses to infect the whole eye. An eye infection can happen on either of your eyes or even both of them at the same time.
Symptoms of an Eye Infection
When a foreign thing gets into your eyes, you will know it as soon as it happens. However, sometimes the infection manifests gradually so that the triggering factor is not as obvious. This is why you need to take note of the symptoms you may have, so you are sure of when you contact an optometrist near you. Some of them include the following:
- Itchy eyes – an optometrist in L5W 1Z3 will tell you that itchy eyes are the most common indicators of an infected eye. The eye will itch as a response to the infection.
- Swelling and redness – when the eyes redden, that kind of flush comes as a result of blood vessels expanding. The swelling is a result of inflammation that is part of the body’s immune system in response to the infection.
- Pain and discomfort – any infection will cause your eyes to be painful, bulky and uncomfortable.
- Sensitivity to light – eyes are meant to naturally adjust t different light settings. If lights burn your eyes, then it could be a sign of infection.
- Continuous tearing – if you cannot stop tearing and you are not crying, then your eyes have a problem.
- Discharge – the discharge in your eyes can indicate their health. Look out for yellow, green, or clear discharges from either of your eyes. While at it, observe the crustiness of your eyelids and lashes, especially in the morning.
Types of Eye Infections
As you seek expertise from an optometrist in Mississauga ON, you will find that eye infections and diseases differ. The most common ones you will hear include:
- Pink eye – medically called conjunctivitis. It attacks the conjunctiva of the eye, giving you’re a pinkish tint. It is often caused by bacteria or viral infection. However, it can also be as a result of an allergic trigger.
- Keratitis – it is a bacterial or viral infection that often occurs on patients who wear contact lenses.
- Stye – it is a product of infected oil ducts. It occurs as painful red bumps at the base of your eyelashes or on your eyelids.
- Fungal eye infections – these are rare but can be very critical when they happen. Often, fungal infection of the eyes follows an injury or accident, where plants or sticks have scrapped the eye.
Eye Infection Treatments
The good thing about ye infections is that they can be managed very well, especially if you seek medical assistance as soon as it happens. However, the most important thing is to ensure you are careful with how you handle your eyes, following an infection. Scratching the itch and rubbing your eyes over and over does more harm than good to the already infected eye. Treatment options range from the simple use of eye ointments and drops to drastic measures such as corrective surgery. Better yet, most viral infections of the ye clear out on their own. Talk to your optometrist to find out which is the best course of action for your eyes.